News

Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Paës

24 September 2020 - Protocol for 3D imaging of plant cell wall deconstruction

This article describes a new method for acquiring real-time images during the deconstruction of the poplar cell wall by enzymatic hydrolysis.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: F. Berzin / G. Paës

06 July 2020 - Influence of the matrix polarity on the breakage of fibers in a composite

Thermoplastic matrix composites reinforced with lignocellulosic fibers (flax, hemp, etc.) are developing due to the renewable nature of these fibers and their low density, which makes it possible to obtain materials that are both light and resistant, but it is necessary to understand the influence of these fibers on mechanical properties.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Paës

29 June 2020 - Enzymes for multiscale probing of bioproducts: a review

Enzymes are essential and ubiquitous biocatalysts involved in various metabolic pathways and they are used in many industrial processes. This review presents enzymes not only as biocatalysts transforming bioproducts but also as sensitive probes to explore the structure and composition of complex bioproducts.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Lashermes

8 June 2020 - A model to simulate the biodegradation during dew retting of fiber-crops

Retting of fiber-crop stems after harvesting facilitates the subsequent mechanical extraction of extraction of industrially-relevant cellulosic fibers. A model has been designed to simulate microbial degradation during this bioprocess, which has never been previously modelled.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: B. Chabbert / G. Paës

1st June 2020 - Mechanical properties of hemp fibers are impacted by humidity at nanoscale

Hemp fibers are used in industrial applications for their mechanical properties and for their low density, which makes them suitable for environmentally friendly alternatives to petrochemical compounds in applications such as composite materials. However, their sensitivity to humidity can impact the properties of materials.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: B. Chabbert / B. Kurek / G. Paës

30 March 2020 - Tracking dew retting of flax and impact on the properties of fibers and composites

Dew retting of fiber crops in the field after harvest promotes the biodegradation of the tissues surrounding cellulosic fibers by microorganisms, which helps preserving the quality of fibers during their extraction and valorization for industry. This bioprocess is currently the bottleneck for plant fiber valorization because it is empirically managed.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Paës

17 March 2020 - Measuring non productive interactions of enzymes with lignin

In lignocellulosic biomass, a sustainable source of energy and chemicals to replace fossil carbon, the activity of enzymes is limited by the appearance of non-specific interactions with lignin during the hydrolysis process, which maintains enzymes far from their substrate (cellulose and hemicelluloses). Characterization of these complex interactions is thus an important challenge.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: S. Recous / B. Chabbert / G. Lashermes / G. Paës

10 February 2020 - Duration of stem retting in the field depends on hemp harvesting date

Retting, first processing step in the field of fibre plant stems after harvesting, is a selective degradation of external tissues facilitating the subsequent mechanical extraction of industrially-relevant cellulosic fibers.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Paës

03 February 2020 - A review article on the state-of-the-art of biomass recalcitrance

Lignocellulosic biomass is the framework of plants and is an important feedstock for developing bioeconomy in order to propose biosourced products and energy. But its natural structural and chemical complexity makes it difficult to be transformed.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: S. Recous / G. Paës

27 January 2020 - Plant residue mulch on the soil surface will hold no more secrets for you!

A webinar was organized by the Association Française d'Etude du Sol (AFES) and given by Sylvie Recous on January 16th.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Lashermes

7 January 2020 - A new model to calculate the microbial allocation of enzymes produced over soil decomposition

Plant litter is composed of different chemical compounds, such as cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin whose decomposition is catalyzed by extra-cellular enzymes produced by soil microorganisms. However, the mechanisms of decomposition are complicated by the physical and chemical links between cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin that require different enzymes to cleave.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Paës

12 December 2019 - New markers of lignocellulose recalcitrance

Lignocellulose is a plant resource containing polymers that can be valorised into biomolecules, fuels and materials, but its natural chemical and structural complexity makes its transformation difficult thus expensive and not competitive with processes using fossil carbon resources. So understanding its recalcitrance is an important challenge in order to favour the development of biorefineries in the context of bioeconomy and to use renewable feedstocks.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: F. Berzin / G. Paës

10 December 2019 - Françoise Berzin elected to the French Group of Rheology Board of Directors

Founded in 1964, the French Group of Rheology (GFR) is member of the International Committee of Rheology and the European Society of Rheology (ESR). Its main objectives are to contribute to the development of studies and research related to rheology and to promote dissemination to the scientific community and the transfer to industry of the progress made in its various fields.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: S. Recous / G. Paës

29 November 2019 - FARE was at the 14th Conference on Rationale Fertilization and Analysis

This conference was jointly organized by the French Committee for the Study and Development of Rationale Fertilization (COMIFER) and the French Group of Methodological Studies for Soil Analysis (GEMAS) and took place on 20 and 21 November 2019 in Dijon.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: S. Abdellaoui / G. Paës

18 November 2019 - FARE participated to the second LignoCOST network meeting in Portugal

The meeting of the LignoCOST network was held in Peso de Régua in November 12-14.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Lashermes / L. Besaury / G. Paës

15 November 2019 - FARE participated to the IXth AFEM meeting in Büssang

The IXth congress of the Francophone Association of Microbial Ecology (AFEM) brought together microbiologists working in a wide range of environments and of organisms! This year, it was held in Büssang, in the Vosges Mountain in France, from November 5-8: an opportunity for FARE scientists to exchange ideas, results and tools with this community.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: S. Recous / B. Chabbert / G. Lashermes / G. Paës

26 September 2019 - The Académie d'Agriculture awards the Dufrenoy silver medal to Laurent Bleuze

During a solemn session, the Académie d'Agriculture de France presented its prizes and medals. Laurent Bleuze received the Dufrenoy silver medal for his doctoral thesis from Reims University and carried out at FARE laboratory.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Paës

09 September 2019 - Fluorescence lifetime to characterize lignocellulose

Characterization of lignocellulose can be performed with numerous physico-chemical and spectral methods.Fluorescence lifetime measurement is a method recently applied that completes those already in use.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: Y. Refahi / G. Paës

22 July 2019 - FARE participated to XVth Cell Wall Meeting

Cell Wall Meeting which took place at Cambridge, United Kingdom is one of the largest meetings dedicated to the synthesis and transformation of plant cell walls.
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: G. Paës

15 July 2019 - FARE in the Research and Innovation report of INRA CEPIA division

Edition 2019 of the Research and Innovation report of INRA CEPIA division has just been released!
Article

06 June 2023

Redaction: B. Chabbert / G. Paës

10 July 2019 - FARE at ICNF congress in Porto

The 4th edition of the International Congress on Natural Fibres took place in Porto (Portugal) from May 19 to 22. This major congress in the field of plant fibres was an opportunity to present FARE work.