News

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Article

22 May 2024

By: G. Paës

Julien du Pasquier's PhD thesis defense

Julien completed his thesis between CentraleSupélec's Biotechnology Chair and the UMR FARE (University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne, INRAE) on "Multi-scale modelling of dilute acid pre-treatment of lignocellulosic biomass" under the supervision of Patrick Perré and Gabriel Paës.
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Article

21 May 2024

By: G. Paës

Comprehensive evolution of chemicals during dilute acid pretreatment of biomass

To optimize and guide future valorization of lignocellulosic biomass in biorefinery into different platform molecules, we have analysed a broad dataset to provide a comprehensive overview of the chemical evolution sequences and interactions between different biomass compounds during pretreatment.
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Article

25 March 2024

By: G. Paës

Two PhD students from FARE lab take part in the ACS conference in Louisiana!

The spring meeting of the American Chemical Society (ACS) was held from 17 to 21 March 2024 in New Orleans in the USA. This conference brings together thousands of scientists from all over the world.
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Article

20 February 2024

By: G. Lashermes / G. Paës

08 – 09 February 2024 - Launch of the CANETE project!

Two days of meetings to launch the CANETE project held in Reims and by videoconference.
Article

12 December 2023

By: S. Abdellaoui

11th December 2023 - Bioelectrocatalytic Refining of Lignin

Bioelectrocatalytic Refining of Lignin Fragments Using a Bioinspired β-Etherolytic Bioanode
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Article

24 October 2023

By: S. Recous / G. Lashermes / P. Thiébeau / G. Paës

24 October - FARE contributes to an opinion paper on the N2O emissions

The return of crop residues to the soil after harvesting, such as cereal straw or the destruction of plant cover crops, maintains the soil's stock of organic matter and recycles nitrogen for subsequent crops. However, nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions are associated with the decomposition of residues, during the nitrification and denitrification processes by soil micro-organisms.
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Article

09 October 2023

By: J. Du Pasquier / G. Paës

04 October 2023 - Creation and exploration of a pretreated poplar wood dataset

Pretreatment of biomass is necessary to improve its enzymatic accessibility and its recovery as a source of carbon. Among the existing pretreatments, dilute acid pretreatment has great potential, but it still needs to be optimised to improve its chemical and economic performance. To this end, the comprehensive dataset presented here and the models derived from it provide an overview of the chemical evolution of wood as a function of pre-treatment conditions.
Article

05 October 2023

By: L. Besaury

02 october 2023 - Microbial production of bioplastics

Discovery of new bacterial strains promising for the production of bioplastics
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Article

07 September 2023

By: B. Chabbert / S. Recous / G. Paës

30 August 2023 - Interplay between harvest time and climatic conditions during hemp field retting

Field retting is the first stage in the transformation of fiber crops in Europe, facilitating the subsequent mechanical extraction of cellulosic fibers of industrial interest. However, monitoring retting still depends on empirical knowledge.
Article

06 June 2023

By: Julian Restrepo-Leal

04 May 2023 - Comparative genomics of the biochemical arsenal in the Botryosphaeriaceae family

To understand the virulence differences and their link with the genomic variations, we compared the abundance of effector genes in 41 Botryosphaeriaceae strains representing 17 species with their pathogenicity. We also discussed the potential use of Botryosphaeriaceae fungi in biotechnological applications.
Article

06 June 2023

By: B. Kurek, A. Day

11 April 2023 - FARE creates an Associated Partnership Laboratory with the company FRD

INRAE, the University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne and the Technological Resource Center Fibres Recherche Développement are intensifying their collaboration by creating an Associated Partnership Laboratory.
Article

06 June 2023

By: INRAE Press Office

30 March 2023 - FARE joins an international laboratory with SCION dedicated to bio-based materials

The creation of the new international associated laboratory (IAL) BIOMATA (Biorefinery for sustainable Materials and Technical Application), dedicated to biobased products with the Scion Institute of New Zealand, was made official during the visit of an INRAE delegation to Wellington, New Zealand on 30 March 2023.
Article

06 June 2023

By: G. Paës

27 February 2023 - Method for automated morphological quantification of plant cells

Lignocellulosic biomass is a complex network of polysaccharides and lignin that requires a pretreatment step to overcome recalcitrance and optimize valorisation into biobased products. Pretreatment of biomass induces chemical and morphological changes. Quantification of these changes is critical to understand biomass recalcitrance and to predict lignocellulose reactivity.
Article

06 June 2023

By: H. Clivot / G. Paës

22 February 2023 - Visit of the Research Institute Director at Universidad Técnica de Manabí

UMR FARE welcomed Alex Alberto Dueñas Rivadeneira, Director of the Research Institute of the Universidad Técnica de Manabí in Ecuador, who was on a mission in France to develop international collaborations.
Article

06 June 2023

By: J. du Pasquier / G. Paës

11 January 2023 - Literature review on dilute acid pre-treatment of biomass

Pretreatment of biomass is necessary to increase its reactivity. Among the existing pretreatments, dilute acid pretreatment is widely used because of its efficiency. But studies on this pretreatment use very small ranges of conditions and non-standardised methods making common interpretations difficult: it was important to take stock of the published work.
Article

06 June 2023

By: I. Fall; S.Abdellaoui

3 janvier 2023 - Identification and characterization of a new catalase-peroxidase from bacteria

New study from Chaire AFERE and FARE lab allows the identification and characterization of a new catalase-peroxidase exhibiting a ligninolytic potential
Article

06 June 2023

By: G. Paës

13 September 2022 - FARE participates to the 3rd International Plant Spectroscopy Conference

The 3rd International Plant Spectroscopy Conference (IPSC2022) was held in Nantes, France, from 12th to 15th of September. This event is part of the biennial conference series, organized jointly with the International Society for Plant Spectroscopy (ISPS) and the French National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment (INRAE).
Article

06 June 2023

By: G. Paës

07 July 2022 - Special issue edited in Frontiers in Plants dedicated to biomass recalcitrance

Plant cell walls are complex structures fulfilling a variety of functions throughout a plant's life. They maintain the plant's structural integrity by resisting hydrostatic pressure, and at the same time, provide flexibility to support cell growth and division and a pathological and environmental barrier that defends against stress. Cell walls are therefore recalcitrant towards deconstruction by chemicals, enzymes, and/or microbes, which is a major obstacle for many approaches to processing plant material. An enhanced understanding of the complex interplay of the different cell wall compounds and their contributions to the recalcitrance will lead to more sophisticated strategies to utilize plant biomass in its conversion into materials, chemicals, and fuels.
Article

06 June 2023

By: M. Cassarini; S. Abdellaoui

17 june 2022 - Optimization of violacein production on protein-rich substrates

A new study from the AFERE chaire / UMR FARE allowed to show a key factor in the overproduction of the microbial pigment violacein by species Chromibacterium vaccinii.
Article

06 June 2023

By: G. Paës

09 May 2022 - Inside hydrolysis pattern of pretreated maize cells in real-time

A multimodal approach has been devised to relate variations in chemical composition to accessibility of maize cell wall (enzyme fluorescence) in order to provide keys to understand the different patterns of cell wall degradation according to cell type and pretreatment.
Article

06 June 2023

By: S. Recous / G. Paës

11 April 2022 - Launch of the PEPR programme FairCarboN

The exploratory Priority Research Equipment Programme (PEPR) FairCarboN - Carbon in Continental Ecosystems: Levers and Pathways to Carbon Neutrality will increase the contribution of continental ecosystems to climate change mitigation and carbon neutrality.